REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 36-39

Halitosis: An oral microbial faction


1 Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Rural Dental College-Loni, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Rural Dental College-Loni, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics, Rural Dental College-Loni, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajiv Saini
Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Rural Dental College - Loni, Tehsil- Rahata, District - Ahmednagar, Maharashtra - 413 736
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2229-5186.76984

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Halitosis is a widespread condition and believed to affect one-quarter of the population around the world; also, most people have this condition from time to time. Breath malodour may be an important factor in social communication, and therefore may be the origin of concern not only for a possible health condition but also for frequent psychological alterations, leading to social and personal isolation. The most conspicuous malodorous compounds are termed volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs), with hydrogen sulphide, methyl mercaptan, and dimethyl sulphide accounting for roughly 90% of the VSCs. A number of oral bacteria, especially Gram-negative anaerobic species found in the subgingival plaque, produce a diverse array of malodorous compounds as byproducts of their metabolism, including VSCs and short-chain organic acids. Assessment and management of halitosis is of paramount importance in enhancing the overall health; moreover, dentists play a significant role in combating halitosis by reducing the oral microbial stack. Thus, the aim of the present review was to describe the aetiological factors, assessment tools, and therapeutic approaches related to halitosis.


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