REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 94-101

Polymeric micelles as a drug carrier for tumor targeting


1 Department of Pharmaceutics, Bharati Vidyapeeth's College of Pharmacy, Sector 8, CBD Belapur, Navi Mumbai, India
2 Cadila Healthcare Ltd., Wagle Industrial Estates, Thane, Mumbai, India
3 Department of Quality Assurance, Dr. L. H. Hiranandani College of Pharmacy, Ulhasnagar, Thane, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Anita P Ayre
Department of Quality Assurance, Dr. L. H. Hiranandani College of Pharmacy, CHM Campus, Ulhasnagar, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2229-5186.115544

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Polymeric micelle can be targeted to tumor site by passive and active mechanism. Some inherent properties of polymeric micelle such as size in nanorange, stability in plasma, longevity in vivo, and pathological characteristics of tumor make polymeric micelles to be targeted at the tumor site by passive mechanism called enhanced permeability and retention effect. Polymeric micelle formed from the amphiphilic block copolymer is suitable for encapsulation of poorly water soluble, hydrophobic anticancer drugs. Other characteristics of polymeric micelles such as separated functionality at the outer shell are useful for targeting the anticancer drug to tumor by active mechanisms. Polymeric micelles can be conjugated with many ligands such as antibodies fragments, epidermal growth factors, α2 -glycoprotein, transferrine, and folate to target micelles to cancer cells. Application of heat and ultrasound are the alternative methods to enhance drug accumulation in tumoral cells. Targeting using micelles can also be done to tumor angiogenesis which is the potentially promising target for anticancer drugs. This review summarizes about recently available information regarding targeting the anticancer drug to the tumor site using polymeric micelles.


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